A corneal ulcer is an open on the surface of your cornea. The most common cause is an injury which leads to an infection. A red, watery, and bloodshot eye, as well as severe eye pain and pus or other eye discharge, are all symptoms. A corneal ulcer can impair vision and cause blindness. It is classified as a medical emergency. If you have symptoms of a corneal ulcer, see your eye doctor right away.
You are at risk of developing a corneal ulcer if you:
The following infections cause the majority of corneal ulcers:
Ulcer treatment with anti-infective medications or corneal ulcer surgery is performed if medication is not an option.
Medication for eye ulcer treatment is chosen based on the source of the infection. The most common corneal ulcer treatments are eye drops containing antibiotics (for bacterial infections), antifungals (for fungal infections), and antivirals (for viral infections). Your eye doctor may recommend oral medication (taken by mouth) or an injection near your eye.
To relieve pain, your eye doctor may also prescribe oral medication. Steroid eye drops are occasionally used to treat eye inflammation and swelling. Because steroid drops can aggravate an infection, you should only use them as directed by your doctor. This, as well as all available treatment options, will be discussed with your eye care provider.
VissionTip : If you suspect you have a corneal ulcer or other symptoms, you should see your ophthalmologist like Vission Eye right away. Corneal ulcers, if left untreated, can permanently damage your vision and even cause blindness.