Dry eye is a common condition in which the eyes do not produce enough tears. In such condition, one should consult an eyes specialist in Mumbai for best dry eyes treatment.
Dry eyes are caused by a lack of adequate tears. Tears are a mixture of water, lipids and mucous. This mixture helps the surface of your eyes smooth and clear to protect your eyes from infection.
Decreased tear production can happen because of:
VissionTip : Incase you still feel the gritty sensation in your eyes, don't delay in booking an appointment with your doctor as soon as possible.
Dry eye disease is a widespread condition where the eyes lose moisture quickly, which causes discomfort and vision problems. Though we do not have a permanent treatment solution for dry eyes, you can manage them in several ways. This happens when the eye’s tear film does not work correctly, protecting and lubricating the eye’s surfaces and promoting healthy vision.
The eye’s tear film has three layers; the outer layer – reduces tear evaporation and spreads the tear film across the eye surface due to the oily layer. The watery middle layer washes away foreign objects such as dust and dirt, while the sticky inner layer coating the cornea and sticks the tear film to the eye surface. Therefore, dry eye disease can be minimised by removing environmental triggers by maintaining an efficient tear film on the eye’s surface.
If your dry eyes are left untreated, your eyes will not be able to produce sufficient tears and cause itchiness and irritation. The absence of an effective tear film causes scratches on the eye cornea and surface, protecting your eyes from germs, gunk and dust causing eye infections. In addition, it results in permanent scarring and vision, which is treated by surgery.
Daily eye habits worsen the dry eyes problems such as excessive screen time and infrequent blinking (that causes aggravated and dry eyes, medications (anti-anxiety medicine, decongestants, anti-depressants, antihistamines, blood pressure medications, hormone therapy medication and birth condition. Sleeping when wearing contact lenses causes eye dryness, as the plastic film prevents the nutrients and oxygens from reaching the corneal tissue. Not wearing sunglasses on a windy day when performing outdoor cyclists, smoking and using eye drops to counter red eyes decreases the body’s nutrient production for efficient tears.
The primary symptoms of dry eye syndrome include burning, scratching and stinging in the eyes. Apart from that, you should visit your eye doctor if you notice mucous around or in your eyes, eye redness, light sensitivity, difficulty with contact lenses and nighttime driving, eye fatigue, blurred vision and watery eyes.