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Retinits Pigmentosa

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Retinits Pigmentosa

This is a group of eye problems that affects the retina. Retinitis Pigmentosa is a genetic condition that is passed down in families.

The type that is inherited varies from person to person - thus the symptoms are also different.

Symptoms

  • Loss of Night vision
  • Gradual loss of peripheral vision - tunnel vision
  • Loss of central vision
  • Problems with colour vision

Diagnosis

If it is known to run in families, genetic testing is a must.

  • Electroretinography :
    measures the electrical activity in the retina
  • Visual Field testing :
    As this affects your peripheral vision, this tests helps measure your side vision
  • Optical Coherence Tomography :
    This imagining test takes special detailed pictures of your retina. It helps to find out how this condition is affecting your retina.

Treatment

Since this is a genetic disease, there is no single treatment for the same.

  • Starting with genetic testing is a must, so that your family and you are aware of the same.
  • Including Vitamin supplementations like Vitamin A, help with RP
  • Cataracts can develop at an early age in such patients - so cataract surgery is an alternative
  • In case of poor vision; low vision aids and devices are available to help you with performing various tasks.

VissionTip : If you have Retinitis Pigmentosa, and plan to have children, you might want to speak with a genetic counselor to learn about your chance of passing this eye condition to your children.

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